Whether it happens among students in a classroom or engineers in a laboratory, Innovation is a process, a series of steps that begins with imagination and results in creating something valuable for society.
Science, technology, and Innovation have the power to solve the world’s problems. According to research, 800 million people suffer from malnutrition, 1.9 billion adults are overweight, 113 million under 18 have no access to education oy 19% of the world’s energy is renewable. But new ideas could come from anywhere from anyone.
Implementation of these goals and targets
Any invention in a scientific field is directed to fight poverty, promote sustainable development, and protect the earth and its community from the harmful effects of climate change. Hence, contributing entirely to the development of the human race.
Agriculture: There are thousands of new machines used like threshers, tractors, fertilizers are given by science and technology.
The newest invention of digital technologies like GIS software and GPS agriculture, Satellite imagery, drone, and other aerial imagery, merging datasets, and more for precision development have dynamically changed the concept of farming. The quality, availability, and proper use of agricultural inputs are at the heart of agricultural production and sustainability.
Transportation: All the vehicles that have made the exchange of goods and commodities from one place to another are a byproduct of science and Innovation.
- Suppliers are seeking markets for the application of computer, information, sensing, and control technologies. We see carbon-fibre-reinforced structures and uses for other new materials, lubricants, and fuels improving quality, improved tunnelling machines are aiding construction, and winglets improve aircraft aerodynamics global positioning systems applications are spreading through the modes.
- Autonomous Cars, lightweight vehicle materials, sensors in the vehicle communicate with GPS services, hyperloop, the concept of a pneumatic tube, etc. The list goes on when it comes to modern advancement in transportation.
Medical field; Medical field based entirely on the use of science all drugs are given by chemistry, machines for ECG, MRI, and even injections are invented by science. Dedicated to improving human health by accelerating scientific discovery and transforming medical education.
Science in the general sense refers to the experiences that humans have gained by experimentation or experience, and research is the process of achieving these results and observations.’ To define the types of research, different forms and different types are considered. However, there are two main divisions as following-
Applied Research – Designed to solve practical problems of the modern world rather than acquire knowledge for knowledge’s sake. The needs for social action inspire applied research and aims at finding a practical solution for an immediate problem of the society making optimal use of the available resources.
Basic/ Fundamental research – Basic research advances fundamental knowledge about the world. It focuses on creating and refuting or supporting theories that explain observed phenomena. Fundamental research is different from applied research because it features high-calibre research covering all areas of the natural sciences and high-tech fields, including mathematics and Physics, Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Life Sciences, Earth Sciences, Engineering and Materials Science, Information Sciences, Management Sciences for enhancing the diversity of research workforce in all the sectors.